You want to establish the Soil Food Web in the soil. To do so, you
need to give them a friendly living environment.
Key 2 - Don't graze grass down too low
you allow grass to be grazed too low, you are compromising the
root system. For a deep root system, it is best not to graze grass
too short. Rotational grazing, and moving cows frequently, can
help to solve this issue.
"Sadly, in most of our agricultural soils, we have far more
bacteria than fungi. High density short duration grazing
accompanied by appropriate rest periods, are moving soils toward
"Fungi are important for soil carbon sequestration as well as
nutrient acquisition." Fungi are necessary for forming humus.
Key 3 - Avoid monocultures
Growing a blend of plants together helps to diversify the types of
microbes in the soil. Diversification of pasture plants has become
a very beneficial movement among graziers.
Some plants have deep root systems, which will help to take liquid
carbon and soil structuring to new depths.
Key 4 - Avoid chemical applications
Herbicides, fungicides and insecticides are killers that disrupt
Chemical fertilizers are insoluble. Since they are immediately
available to the plant, the plant has no need to sequester carbon
into the soil. These don't need soil life, and don't feed soil
life, meaning that the soil slowly dies.
Key 5 - Avoid cultivation
All soil life, and especially fungi, are taken into disarray when
the soil is tilled. Carbon sequestration is quite dependent on mycorrhizal
fungi, so every disturbance to the soil that disrupts mycorrhizal
networks diminishes carbon sequestration.
Key 6 - Keep the ground covered
Aggregates do not form in bare soil. It tends to break them down.
This then limits the amount of organic nitrogen available to the
plant, and hinders microbial growth.
Bare soil will be hotter and lose more moisture than covered soil.
Some think that cover crops will use up moisture, but the opposite
is usually true. They help to conserve moisture.
If the soil has been cultivated or bare fallowed, mycorrhizal
fungi will not be there in sufficient quantities for effective
carbon flow and nutrient acquisition.